Cómo ahorrar energía

Cómo ahorrar energía es algo que nos preocupa a todos y más después del cambio de tarifa del gobierno. Vamos a ver cómo en pocos pasos y gracias a nuestro Home Assistant, podemos ahorrar energía en electrodomésticos de nuestro hogar.

Lo primero que necesitamos es disponer de un sensor (o en este caso un input_select) que nos marque en qué periodo estamos. Así cómo que nos indique si estamos en día festivo nacional o no.

Así que lo primero que crearemos será un input_select que nos marque el período actual de la energía, después un input_boolean que nos marque si estamos en día festivo nacional o no. Y por último, un input date time para ponerle la fecha de la próxima fiesta nacional y así hacer que el input_boolean de fiesta nacional se active automáticamente..

Todo esto no puede dejar el código ya que HA no nos lo facilita pero en el siguiente vídeo explico detalladamente cómo crearlos.

Ahora que ya tenemos nuestros ayudantes, vamos a darles inteligencia con las siguientes automatizaciones. Si has creado los ayudantes con el mismo nombre que yo he hecho en el vídeo, sólo necesitas copiar pegar para que te funcionen. Si has puesto otro nombre a los ayudantes, no te olvides de cambiarlo en el desencadenante.

Las automatizaciones

No olviden copiar estas automatizaciones en su archivo automations.yaml. Cómo condición también podemos utilizar el sensor workday.

- id: '1623272325217'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 00
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: 00:00
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Valle
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623272879624'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 10
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: '10:00'
  condition:
  - condition: state
    entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
    state: 'off'
  - condition: time
    weekday:
    - mon
    - tue
    - wed
    - thu
    - fri
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Pico
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623273115067'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 14
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: '14:00'
  condition:
  - condition: state
    entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
    state: 'off'
  - condition: time
    weekday:
    - mon
    - tue
    - wed
    - thu
    - fri
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Llano
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623273205704'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 08
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: 08:00
  condition:
  - condition: state
    entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
    state: 'off'
  - condition: time
    weekday:
    - mon
    - tue
    - wed
    - thu
    - fri
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Llano
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623273356098'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 18
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: '18:00'
  condition:
  - condition: state
    entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
    state: 'off'
  - condition: time
    weekday:
    - mon
    - tue
    - wed
    - thu
    - fri
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Pico
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623273443568'
  alias: periodoelectrico elegir 22
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: '22:00'
  condition:
  - condition: state
    entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
    state: 'off'
  - condition: time
    weekday:
    - mon
    - tue
    - wed
    - thu
    - fri
  action:
  - service: input_select.select_option
    data:
      option: Llano
    target:
      entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  mode: single
- id: '1623274149247'
  alias: festivo nacional activar por fecha
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: time
    at: input_datetime.festivo_nacional_proximo
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: input_boolean.turn_on
    target:
      entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
  - delay:
      hours: 23
      minutes: 0
      seconds: 0
      milliseconds: 0
  - service: input_boolean.turn_off
    target:
      entity_id: input_boolean.festivo_nacional
  mode: single

Ahora ya tenemos una entidad que nos marca en qué periodo eléctrico estamos, así que lo podremos utilizar de desencadenante en nuestras automatizaciones.

Al final del artículo dejo el vídeo explicativo que también recomiendo que lo vean.

Aquí voy a poner dos ejemplos, primero un calentador eléctrico que esté encendido todo el día excepto en el periodo Pico.

- id: '1623407171814'
  alias: calentador electrico
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: state
    to: Pico
    entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: switch.turn_off
    target:
      entity_id: switch.03153005dc4f22d64af4
  mode: single
- id: '1623407285674'
  alias: calentador electrico on
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: state
    from: Pico
    entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: switch.turn_on
    target:
      entity_id: switch.03153005dc4f22d64af4
  mode: single

Ahora vamos a ver cómo hacer que un dispositivo sólo funcione a las horas valle. Para crear estas automatizaciones, pueden hacerlo viendo el siguiente vídeo y aquí a bajo, les dejo los códigos.

- id: '1623407512950'
  alias: solo hora valle off
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: state
    entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
    from: Valle
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: switch.turn_off
    target:
      entity_id: switch.63667231840d8e501b7a_2
  mode: single
- id: '1623407608045'
  alias: solo hora valle on
  description: ''
  trigger:
  - platform: state
    entity_id: input_select.periodoelectrico
    to: Valle
  condition: []
  action:
  - service: switch.turn_on
    target:
      entity_id: switch.63667231840d8e501b7a_2
  mode: single

Sígueme a Youtube

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